Jejak Kehidupan MESSIAH Isa Almasih Menurut Alkitab

 


Kelahiran Hingga Mulai Pelayanan
Lahir di Bethlehem: Matius 1:18-25; Lukas 2:1-7
Dikunjungi gembala domba di Bethlehem: Lukas 2:8-20
Dibawa ke Bait Allah di Yerusalem: Lukas 2:21-40
Dikunjungi oleh Tiga Orang Majus di Bethlehem: Matius 2:1-12
Sekeluarga lari ke Mesir: Matius 2:13-18
Kembali ke Nazareth: Matius 2:19-23
Mengunjungi Bait Allah di Yerusalem ketika berumur 12 tahun: Lukas 2:41-52
Dibaptis di sungai Yordan: Matius 3:13-17; Markus 1:9-11; Lukas 2:31-23; Yohanes 1:29-30
Dicobai oleh Iblis di padang gurun: Matius 4:1-11; Markus 1:12-13; Lukas 4:1-13
Melakukan Mukjizat pertama, yaitu di Kana: Yohanes 2:1-11
Menyucikan Bait Allah (mengusir para pedagang dan penukar uang): Yohanes 2:14-22
Percakapan antara Yesus dengan Nikodemus: Yohanes 3:1-21
Percakapan antara Yesus dengan perempuan Samaria: Yohanes 4:5-42
Menyembuhkan anak seorang pegawai istana: Yohanes 4:46-54
Ditolak warga kampung halaman sendiri: Lukas 4:16-31
Empat orang nelayan menjadi murid Yesus: Matius 4:18-22; Markus 1:16-20; Lukas 5:1-11
Menyembuhkan ibu mertua Petrus: Matius 8:14-17; Markus 1:29-34; Lukas 4:38-41
Perjalanan pertama, memberitakan Firman di daerah Galilea: Matius 4:23-25; Markus 1:35-39; Lukas 4:42-44
Keputusan Matius menjadi murid Yesus: Matius 9:9-13; Markus 2:13-17; Lukas 5:27-32
Yesus memilih ke-12 murid-Nya: Markus 3:13-19; Lukas 6:12-15

Masa Pelayanan Selama 3 Tahun Lebih

Yesus menyampaikan Kotbah di Bukit: Matius 5:1-7:29; Lukas 6:20-49
Yesus diurapi dengan minyak wangi oleh seorang perempuan berdosa: Lukas 7:36-50
Yesus melakukan perjalanan lagi di daerah Galilea: Lukas 8:1-3
Yesus memberitakan beberapa perumpamaan mengenai kerajaan Surga: Matius 13:1-52; Markus 4:1-34; Lukas 8:4-18
Yesus meredakan badai: Matius 8:23-27; Markus 4:35-41; Lukas 8:22-25
Yesus membangkitkan anak perempuan Yairus yang mati: Matius 9:18-26; Markus 5:21-43; Lukas 8:40-56
Yesus mengutus 12 murid-Nya untuk memberitakan kerajaan Allah dan menyembuhkan orang yang sakit: Matius 9:35-11:1; Markus 6:6-13; Lukas 9:1-6
Yohanes Pembaptis dibunuh oleh Herodes: Matius 14:1-12; Markus 6:14-29; Lukas 9:7-9
Yesus memberi makan kepada 5 ribu orang: Matius 14:13-21; Markus 6:30-44; Lukas 9:10-17; Yohanes 6:1-14
Yesus berjalan di atas air: Matius 14:22-33; Markus 6:45-52; Yohanes 6:61-21
Yesus pergi ke kota Tire dan Sidon: Matius 15:21-28; Markus 7:24-30
Yesus memberi makan kepada 4 ribu orang: Matius 15:32-39; Markus 8:1-9
Petrus mengakui Yesus sebagai Anak Allah: Matius 16:13-30; Markus 8:27-30; Lukas 9:19-21
Yesus menjelaskan kepada murid-murid mengenai kematian-Nya yang akan datang: Matius 16:21-26; Markus 8:31-37; Lukas 9:22-25
Yesus dimuliakan di gunung: Matius 17:1-13; Markus 9:2-13; Lukas 9:28-36
Yesus membayar bea di Bait Allah: Matius 17:24-27
Yesus hadir pada hari raya Pondok Daun: Yohanes 7:11-52
Yesus dan perempuan yang berzinah: Yohanes 8:2-11
Yesus menyembuhkan orang yang buta sejak lahir, Yohanes 9:1-41
Yesus mengunjungi Maria dan Martha: Lukas 10:38-42
Yesus membangkitkan Lazarus yang mati: Yohanes 11:1-44
Yesus memulai perjalanan akhir menuju Yerusalem: Lukas 17:11
Yesus memberkati anak-anak kecil: Matius 19:13-15; Markus 10:13-16; Lukas 18:15-17
Yesus bicara kepada orang muda yang kaya: Matius 19:16-30; Markus 10:17-30; Lukas 18:18-30
Yesus kembali meramalkan kematian dan kebangkitan-Nya: Matius 20:17-19; Markus 10:32-34; Lukas 18:31-34
Yesus menyembuhkan Bartimeus yang buta: Matius 20:29-34; Markus 10:46-52; Lukas 18:35-43
Yesus bicara kepada Zakheus: Lukas 19:1-10
Yesus kembali ke Betania, mengunjungi Maria dan Martha: Yohanes 11:55-12:1

Pekan Sengsara Hingga Mati Disalib
Yesus memasuki Yerusalem: Matius 21:1-11; Markus 11:1-10; Lukas 19:29-44; Yohanes 12:12-19
Yesus mengutuk pohon kurma: Matius 21:18-19; Markus 11:12-14
Yesus kembali menyucikan Bait Allah: Mat 21:12-13; Markus 11:15-18
Orang Farisi menanyakan dari mana Yesus peroleh kuasa: Matius 21:23-27; Markus 11:27-33; Lukas 20:1-8
Yesus mengajar di Bait Allah: Matius 21:28-23:39; Markus 12:1-44; Lukas 20:9-21:4
Yesus diurapi dengan minyak wangi: Matius 26:6-13; Markus 14:3-9; Yohanes 12:2-11
Orang Farisi mulai menyusun rencana penangkapan Yesus: Matius 26:14-16; Markus 14:10-11; Lukas 22:3-6
Yesus mengadakan Perjamuan Paskah: Matius 26:17-29; Markus 14:12-25; Lukas 22:7-20; Yohanes 13:1-38
Yudas Iskariot mengkhianati Yesus
Yesus menasihati dan menghibur murid-muridNya: Yohanes 14:1-16:33
Yesus di Taman Getsemani: Matius 26:36-46; Markus 14:32-42; Lukas 22:40-46
Yesus ditangkap dan dibawa menghadap pada Mahkamah Agama: Matius 26:47-27:26; Markus 14:43-15:15; Lukas 22:47-23:25; Yohanes 18:2-19:16
Petrus menyangkal Yesus tiga kali
Yesus dibawa menghadap Pontius Pilatus kemudian Herodes
Yesus disalibkan dan kematian Yesus: Matius 27:27:56; Markus 15:16-41; Lukas 23:26-49; Yohanes 19:17-30
Yesus dikubur: Matius 27:57-66; Markus 15:42-47; Lukas 23:50-66; Yohanes 29:31-42

Pasca Kebangkitan Yesus
Kuburan Yesus ditemukan dalam keadaan kosong: Matius 28:1-10; Markus 16:1-8; Lukas 24:1-12; Yohanes 20:1-10
Maria Magdalena melihat Yesus di kebun: Markus 16:9-11; Yohanes 2:11-18
Yesus menampakkan diri kepada dua murid dalam perjalanan luar kota: Markus 16:12-13
Yesus menampakkan diri kepada 10 murid: Markus 16:14; Lukas 24:35-43; Yohanes 20:19-25
Yesus menampakkan diri kepada 11 murid seminggu sesudah itu: Yohanes 20:26-31
Yesus bicara lagi dengan beberapa murid-Nya seminggu kemudian: Yohanes 21:1-25
Kenaikan Yesus ke Surga: Matius 28:16-20; Markus 16:19-20; Lukas 24:44-53

 

 

 

Chronology

44 BCE Julius Caesar deified by the Roman Senate
27 BCE -14 CE Reign of Emperor Augustus. Augustus was the first Roman ruler to be worshiped as a son of a god (divi filius), and the day of his birth was considered the beginning of his glad tidings or "gospel" for the world.
4 BCE Death of Herod the Great, ruler of Judea, Samaria, Galilee, and surrounding territories. King Herod had been the loyal client of the Roman emperor Augustus.
4 BCE Jesus of Nazareth is born.
6 CE Territories of Judea, Samaria, and Idumea come under direct imperial control as the Roman province of Judea.
14 CE Augustus deified by the Roman Senate.
26-30 CE Ministry of John the Baptist
30 CE Death of Jesus
30 CE and later Jesus' early followers from Galilee settle in Jerusalem. They are known as "the Twelve."
35-36 CE Saul of Tarsus, a Jew, comes to believe in Jesus as the Messiah and subsequently becomes the apostle Paul.
37-100 CE Life of Josephus, the Jewish historian
48 CE Council of Jerusalem, the leaders of the new Christian movement, discuss the terms of the recent mission to the Gentiles.
50 CE Paul leaves Antioch and begins Aegean Mission. His letters to these congregations are the earliest documents now contained in the New Testament.
50-52 CE Paul's first visit to Corinth; he writes his first letter to the Thessalonians.
52 CE Paul arrives in Ephesus; he writes a letter to the Galatians and his letter to the Corinthians.
54-55 CE Paul's imprisonment in Ephesus. He writes letters to the Philippians and to Philemon; he completes a second letter to the Corinthians.
55-56 CE Paul writes a letter to the Christians in Rome in preparation for his future visit there.
58-60 CE Paul's imprisonment in Rome
60-65 CE Death of Paul
60-68 CE Death of Peter

Death of James, brother of Jesus and head of the church in Jerusalem
64 CE Great Fire in Rome; Nero blames and executes Christians
66-70 CE First Jewish Revolt against Rome. A feud between Jewish and Greek factions in the city of Ceasarea leads to fighting that quickly spreads throughout the region.
68 CE Rabbi Yohanan ben Zakki seeks and receives permission from the Roman general and future emperor Vespasian to establish a new religious school after the war in the Palestinian coastal city of Jamnia. This sets the stage for the emergence of modern Judaism.
68 CE The emperor Nero's assassination launches a year of civil war in Rome.
69-79 CE Reign of the emperor Vespasian.
70 CE Fall of Jerusalem under military leadership of Vespasian's son, Titus.
70-100 CE Gospels of Mark, Matthew, and Luke (Luke-Acts) written.
77 CE Josephus publishes The War of the Jews
79-81 CE Reign of the emperor Domitian (Vespasian's elder son and the general who burned the Temple and quelled the Jewish Revolt).
81-96 CE Reign of the emperor Domitian (Vespasian's younger son and the object of the anti-Roman attack in the Book of Revelation).
85 CE "Curse against Heretics" (Birkath ha-minim) added to Jewish synagogue benedictions, with the intent of excluding Christians.
90-110 CE Gospel of John written
90-150 CE Gospel of Thomas and other gnostic manuscripts written
94 CE Josephus publishes The Antiquities of the Jews
96-98 CE Reign of the emperor Nerva
98-117 CE Reign of Emperor Trajan
100-165 CE Life of Justin Martyr, early Christian apologist. Justin defends Christianity as a "philosophy" worthy of the respect of the educated and as the only legitimate heir to the Israelite scriptures.
107-117 CE Ignatius, bishop of Antioch, is martyred
112-113 CE Pliny, the Roman governor of Pontus-Bithynia writes to the emperor Trajan seeking advice regarding the punishment of Christians. The emperor tells Pliny that persecuting people on unproven charges is "contrary to the spirit of our times."
117-138 CE Reign of emperor Hadrian
132-135 CE Second Jewish Revolt against Rome (Bar Kochba Revolt). By this time Christians have separated from Judaism.
150-215 CE Life of Clement of Alexandria, early Christian teacher and theologian. Clement's theology is known for its skillful blend of Christian proclamation with Greek philosophical precepts.
150-222 CE Life of Tertullian, early Christian apologist. Prolific writer and sharp witted defender of the ermerging Christian orthodoxy, until he converted to Montanism late in his life.
155 CE Martyrdom of Polycarp, bishop of Smyrna and younger colleague and admirer of Ignatius of Antioch.
178 CE Celsus writes True Reason, argument against Christianity
180 CE Irenaeus, bishop of Lyons, asserts that the proper number of gospels is four.
185-254 CE Life of Origen. One of the great early Christian scholars and teachers, his writings had a profound effect on the development of Christian theology, particularly in the provinces of the Greek East.
203 CE Martyrdom of Perpetua in Carthage
249-251 CE First major persecution of Christians under emperor Decius
250 CE Origen publishes Contra Celsum, in response to Celsus' True Reason.
257-260 CE Persecution resumes under emperor Valerian
260 CE Persecution ends when Gallienus becomes emperor
260-340 CE Life of Eusebius, Bishop of Caesarea, chronicler of early church and court historian to Constantine
303 CE Persecution begins under Diocletian
312 CE Battle of Milvian Bridge; Constantine adopts Christ as his patron and defeats his rival Maxentius to become sole ruler of Italy, Africa, and the entire western half of the empire.
313 CE Edict of Milan. An agreement between Constantine, ruler of the West and Licinius, ruler of the East, that assured full restitution of all confiscated Christian property and full rights for Christian worship in both halves of the Roman empire.
324 CE Constantine defeats Licinius in a battle near Adrianople. He now becomes ruler of the entire Roman empire. He moves the eastern capital from Nicomedia to Byzantine, henceforth known as Constantinople.
325 CE Council of Nicea attempts to resolve theological differences among church factions. It is agreed that Christ was both fully human and fully divine.
327 CE Death of Constantine.

 

 

JEJAK RASUL PAULUS

 

According to the Acts of the Apostles, St. Paul made three separate missionary journeys and a journey to Rome. The biblical narrative ends there, but tradition has it that he was martyred in Rome around 67 AD. On the other hand, it is also possible that he was released in Rome following his appeal, and continued his missionary work in various places.
Fortunately for pilgrims and travelers interested in biblical sites, Paul traveled in some of the most beautiful places around the Mediterranean!

Paul's First Missionary Journey (47-49 AD)
Acts 13-14, with Barnabas

Syrian Antioch (Antakya) and Seleucia (starting point)
Cyprus – home of Barnabas
Salamis – John Mark joins
Paphos, Cyprus – Conversion of Sergius Paulus
Perga – John Mark leaves
Pisidian Antioch– First Gentile Christian congregation
Iconium (Konya)– Many believe
Lystra – Paul and Barnabas treated as gods
Derbe – success
Lystra – Paul appoints elders
Iconium– Paul appoints elders
Pisidian Antioch – Paul appoints elders
Perga – Paul appoints elders
Attalia
Return to Syrian Antioch
 

Map of the Apostle Paul's Second Missionary Journey 50-53 A.D.

 

Paul's Second Missionary Journey (50-53 AD)
Acts 15:36-18:22, with Silas

Syrian Antioch/Antakya (starting point)
Syria and Cilicia
Derbe
Lystra – Timony joins the party
Phrygia and Galatia – Holy Spirit prevents them going to Bithynia
Troas – Paul's vision of the man of Macedon
Philippi – Conversion of Lydia, thrown in jail, earthquake, conversion of jailer – gospel goes to Europe
Thessalonica
Berea (Veria) – Jews examine scriptures – memorial of Paul's preaching
Athens – Paul preaches the Unknown God on the Areopagus
Corinth – Paul stays for 18 months, with Aquila and Priscilla, writes 1 and 2 Thessalonians
Ephesus– farewell
Jerusalem
Return to Syria
 

Paul's Third Missionary Journey
Acts 18:23-28:31, with Timothy

Phrygia and Galatia
Ephesus– Paul stays for two years, writes 1 Corinthians and possibly Galatians
Macedonia – Paul writes 2 Corinthians
Corinth– Paul stays 3 months, writes Romans
Troas – stays for 7 days; Eutychus and the nighttime meeting
Assos (Behramkale) – Acts 20:13,14 - Aristotle taught here
Mitylene
Samos
Miletus – farewell speech to Ephesians (?)
Jerusalem– imprisoned
Caesarea – Paul in prison for two years; Felix, Festus, Agrippa
Malta – Shipwreck en route to Rome
 

Paul in Rome
Imprisoned in Rome in 53-62 AD and again in 64 AD. He wrote Ephesians, Colossian, Philemon, 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus in Rome. He was beheaded in Rome in 67 AD, according to the 4th-century historian Eusebius.

 

Saint Peter, penerus ajaran Yesus, dikenal sebagai Paus Pertama

 

Christianity is based upon the teachings of Jesus, a Jew who lived his life in the Roman province of Palestine. Roman communications networks enabled Christianity to spread quickly throughout the Roman empire and eventually to the rest of Europe, and finally the entire globe.
As time progressed, Christianity divided into three major branches. The Roman Catholic branch of Christianity is the successor of the church established in Rome soon after Christ's death. It traces its spiritual history to the early disciples of Jesus. The Pope, or spiritual leader, traces his office's lineage back to St. Peter, the first Pope, one of Jesus' disciples. Roman Catholicism was originally predominately practiced in Ireland, Poland, France and Spain.
During the fourth century, the Roman Catholic church split and the Eastern Orthodox branch was formed.
The split was primarily a political one due to the division of the Roman Empire into western and eastern components. The two churches became officially separate in 1054. Orthodox churches are largely national, each associated with a particular country. Orthodoxy is common in Russia, Greece, Romania, Bulgaria, the Ukraine, and Armenia.
The Protestant branch split from Roman Catholicism during the Reformation, a sixteenth and seventeenth century series of church reforms in doctrine and practice. This movement challenged the authority of the Pope, and became popular in Scandinavia, England, and the Netherlands. Protestantism eventually divided into many denominations which arose in response to disputes over doctrine, theology, or religious practice (especially from America). Some of the large denominations today are Lutherans, Methodists, and Baptists.

 

Bible - The sacred text which records the lives of major figures in Christianity, including Jesus. Contains Old and New Testaments.
Christianity - The belief in Jesus Christ as Savior of the world.
Christmas - The celebration of the birth of Jesus held on December 25th.
Cross - Roman method of execution which took the life of Jesus. Now a symbol of Jesus' suffering and resurrection.
Easter - The celebration of Jesus' triumphant return to life after dying on the cross.
Eastern Orthodoxy - A branch of Christianity with national ties.
Jesus - The central figure of Christianity, believed to be true God, who saved mankind from the torture of hell by dying on the cross to grant them salvation.
Lent - The remembrance of the period of time leading up to and including Christ's death on the cross.
Mary - Jesus' mother, who conceived him by the intervention of the Holy Spirit.
Pope - The spiritual leader of the Roman Catholic church.
Protestantism - The branch of Christianity which broke off from the Roman Catholic church at the time of the Reformation.
Reformation - A movement which resulted in the formation of the Protestant branch of Christianity. A reforming of Christianity which eliminated certain doctrines and practices of Catholicism which were deemed incorrect.
Roman Catholicism - The original Christian religion which descended from the original Christians in Rome at the time of Christ.

(Sumber: Wikipedia ; Ccel.org)

 


 

 


 

GRAVES, TOMBS, SHRINES OF 12 APOSTLES

 

Saint Peter's Basilica - Vatican (tomb of St. Peter)

 

St. Peter's Basilica (Italian: San Pietro in Vaticano) is a major basilica in Vatican City, an enclave of Rome. St. Peter's was until recently the largest church ever built and it remains one of the holiest sites in Christendom. Contrary to what one might reasonably assume, St. Peter's is not a cathedral - the cathedral of Rome is St. John Lateran.
 

Painting of St. Peter's Square in 1630 by Viviano Codazzi. Note the bell towers atop the facade, which were later removed.


St. Peter's Basilica stands on the traditional site where Peter - the apostle who is considered the first pope - was crucified and buried. St. Peter's tomb is under the main altar and many other popes are buried in the basilica as well. Originally founded by Constantine in 324, St. Peter's Basilica was rebuilt in the 16th century by Renaissance masters including Bramante, Michelangelo and Bernini.
 

The Confessio, a 17th-century sunken chapel honoring the confession of St. Peter that led to his martyrdom on Vatican Hill. His tomb is behind the Niche of the Pallium, the illuminated part seen in this photo.
The niche contains a silver coffer with fabrics (each known as a "pallium") woven from the wool of lambs blessed on the feast of St. Agnes (Jan 21) and given to patriarchs and metropolitans as a reminder of the Church's unity.


In the 1st century AD, the site of St. Peter's Basilica hosted the Circus of Nero and a cemetery. According to ancient tradition, St. Peter was martyred in the Circus and buried nearby. His simple grave was remembered and visited by the faithful, and in 324, Emperor Constantine began construction on a great basilica over the tomb. The shrine of St. Peter is still the central focus of the church today.
 

View through a glass wall in the direction of the tomb of Peter, which unfortunately cannot be seen from here. It is on the other side of this wall with the niche, and can only be seen in the special Scavi tour of the ancient necropolis.
Behind it is an early 8th-century mosaic of Christ, placed here by Pope Leo III (795-816). In his left hand Christ holds a Bible open at the Gospel of John, which bears the Latin inscription, "I am the way the truth and the life, the one who believes in me shall live"


In the mid-15th century it was decided that the old basilica should be rebuilt. Pope Nicholas V asked architect Bernardo Rossellino to start adding to the old church. This was abandoned after a short while, but in the late 15th century Pope Sixtus IV had the Sistine Chapel started nearby.
 

Facing the Confessio and tomb of St. Peter is a crypt chapel used for services


Construction on the current building began under Pope Julius II in 1506 and was completed in 1615 under Pope Paul V. Donato Bramante was to be the first chief architect. Many famous artists worked on the "Fabbrica di San Pietro" (as the complex of building operations were officially called). Michelangelo, who served as main architect for a while, designed the dome, and Bernini designed the great St. Peter's Square.

 

Names: Basilica di San Pietro; St. Peter's Basilica
Location: Piazza San Pietro, Vatican City, Rome, Italy
Phone: 06-69881662 (for information on celebrations)
Hours: Basilica (including the sacristy and treasury) Oct-Mar daily 9am-6pm; Apr-Sept daily 9am-7pm.
Grottoes daily 8am-5pm.
Dome Oct-Mar daily 8am-5pm; Apr-Sept 8am-6pm
Cost: Basilica (including grottoes) is free.
Stairs to the dome €4; elevator to the dome €5.
Treasury 4 €

 

 

Saint Paul Outside the Walls - Rome (tomb of St. Paul)

 

The Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls (Basilica di San Paolo fuori le Mura) is one of the five major basilicas of Rome, Italy.

 

Quadriportico, with a striking statue of St. Paul holding his sword


Originally founded by Emperor Constantine in the 4th century, the Basilica di San Paolo is the burial place of Saint Paul the Apostle. It features a fascinating array of historical, religious and artistic sights to explore.
 

The huge central nave, looking towards the apse


After his execution and burial in Rome in the 1st century AD, Saint Paul's followers erected a shrine (cella memoriae) over the grave.

 

Nuns pray at the shrine of St. Paul

 

Early Christians frequently visited the site to honor the great Apostle to the Gentiles and author of more than half of the New Testament.

 

Address: 186 Via Ostiense, Rome, Italy
Metro: Basilica San Paolo
Hours: Basilica: daily 7am-6:30pm;
Cloisters: daily 9am-1pm and 3-6pm

 

 

Amalfi Cathedral - Italy (tomb of St. Andrew)

 

The Cathedral of St. Andrew, Amalfi is a highly unique cathedral full of interesting sights. Built in the early 1200s, the cathedral features a dramatic location atop a steep flight of stairs, an Arab-influenced exterior, and the relics of St. Andrew the Apostle in its crypt. Connected to the cathedral is an older basilica (now a small museum) and the fascinating Cloister of Paradise, both containing medieval murals.
 

Closer look at the grand facade and the 62 steps that get you there


There has been a church on this site in Amalfi since 596 AD and the one built in the 9th century still stands today. The present cathedral (added alongside the old one) was built in the early 13th century to provide a suitable resting place for the relics of St. Andrew the Apostle. Uniquely, the older cathedral was not torn down but left adjacent to the new one. The two were originally joined together to form a single, six-nave Romanesque cathedral.
 

Romanesque-Baroque interior of Amalfi Cathedral


St. Andrew is the patron saint of Amalfi as well as Scotland and Russia. The brother of St. Peter, Andrew was a fisherman and one of the first apostles. According to tradition, Andrew spread the gospel in Greece until he was executed by crucifixion on a diagonal cross in Patras. Andrew's remains were transferred from Patras to Constantinople around 357 to be placed in Constantine's new Church of the Holy Apostles.
 

The Crypt of St. Andrew, beautifully decorated with frescoes (c.1660)


During the Fourth Crusade, Cardinal Pietro Capuano swiped Andrew's relics from Constantinople and brought them to Amalfi. The relics arrived on May 8, 1208 and were placed in the cathedral's crypt, where they remain today. Some other saints' relics arrived at the same time, which are displayed in the cathedral's Chapel of the Relics.

 

A rare glimpse of St. Andrew's resting place inside the crypt altar

 

The cloister leads into the Basilica of the Crucifix, dating from the 9th century and containing more frescoes. The basilica now houses the cathedral's museum and treasury. Stairs near the east end descend into the Crypt of St. Andrew, where the saint's relics are kept in the central altar. The crypt is decorated with beautiful Baroque murals from 1660. The large bronze statue of St. Andrew (1604) was sculpted by Michelangelo Naccherino of Florence, a student of Michelangelo. The marble statues of St. Lawrence and St. Stephen (deacons of the Eastern and Western Church) were sculpted by Pietro Bernini, father of the more famous Gian Lorenzo Bernini.

 

Names: Amalfi Cathedral; Duomo di Amalfi; Duomo di Sant'Andrea; St. Andrew's Cathedral 13th century
Architecture: Arab-influenced Romanesque with Baroque (18C) interior
Address: Piazza Duomo, Amalfi (SA)
Cathedral: summer 9am-9pm; winter 10am-5pm

 

 

Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore - Rome (tomb of St. Jerome, tomb of Gian Lorenzo Bernini, relic of St. Matthew)

 

Founded in the 4th century, the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore (Basilica of Saint Mary Major) is one of the five great ancient basilicas of Rome. Its 18th-century exterior conceals one of the best-preserved Byzantine interiors in the city.

 

View of the very large facade from the east. Although the ancient basilica was built in the 5th century, most of the exterior and interior decoration dates from the 18th century. The campanile (bell tower) is from the 14th century.

 

The high altar of this Patriarchal basilica is a papal altar, used only by the pope himself, or a priest given specific permission by him. It is traditional for the pope to lead a mass here on the Feast of the Assumption of Mary, every August 15. A porphyry urn on the altar contains the relics of St. Matthew and other martyrs.
 

Vertical panorama showing the ciborium (canopy), high altar and crypt below it


Beneath the altar is a confessio with a kneeling statue of Pope Pius IX. Beneath this, St. Jerome (d.420), Doctor of the Church and author of the Latin translation of the Bible, is buried in the Bethlehem crypt. The crypt is built to resemble the cave of the Nativity in Bethlehem.
 

Reliquary of the Holy Crib (c.1590) in the Sistine Chapel


In the right transept is the Sistine Chapel, containing the elaborate tomb of Pope Sixtus V (1521-90) and decorated with frescoes and reliefs of events from his reign. The chapel centers on a reliquary containing part of the Holy Crib, which was carried to Rome by Christian refugees during the Muslim conquest of the Holy Land in the 7th century. Just outside the chapel is the tomb of Gian Lorenzo Bernini and his family.

 

Names: Basilica of Saint Mary Major; Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore
Type of site: Major basilica; Catholic shrine
Shrines: Tomb of St. Jerome; relics of St. Matthew and other martyrs; pieces of the Holy Crib; miraculous icon
Dates: Founded 360; mainly dates from 5th century
Location: Piazza di Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome
Metro: Termini
Hours: Daily 7am to 7pm

 

 

Santiago de Compostela Cathedral - Spain (tomb of St. James the Greater)

 

Medieval pilgrims walked the Way of St. James for months to arrive at Santiago Cathedral, home of the relics of St. James in Santiago de Compostela. So many pilgrims have laid their hands on the pillar just inside the doorway to rest their weary bones that a groove has been worn in the stone.

 

Panorama of plaza and facade at sunset


A small church was first built over the tomb of St. James shortly after it was discovered in 819 AD. This was destroyed by al-Mansur's Moorish army in 997, though Almansor left the relics of the Apostle undisturbed. He did, however, force Santiago's citizens to carry the bells of the tower to the mosque in Cordoba (they have since been returned).

 

 

Nave and Baroque altar

 

The sacred relics of St. James lie beneath the cathedral's high altar in a silver coffer; they can be viewed from the crypt.

 

Relics of St. James under the high altar


In the cathedral's Capilla del Relicario (Chapel of the Reliquary) is a gold crucifix, dated 874, containing a piece of the True Cross. A cathedral museum displays tapestries and archaeological fragments.

 

Name: Santiago de Compostela Cathedral
Type of site: Cathedral; Catholic shrine
Faith: Roman Catholic
Dates: Built 1060-1211; facade added 1738-1750
Architecture: Romanesque with Baroque facade
Location: Plaza del Obradoiro, Santiago de Compostela, northwest Spain
Phone: 98-158-35-48
Hours: Mon-Sat 11am-1pm & 4-6pm; Sun 10am-1:30pm & 4-7pm

 

 

Basilica of Saint John - Ephesus (tomb of St. John)

 

The Basilica of St. John (St. Jean Aniti) was a great church in Ephesus constructed by Emperor Justinian in the 6th century. It stands over the believed burial site of St. John, who is identified as the apostle, evangelist (author of the Fourth Gospel) and prophet (author of Revelation).
The basilica is on the slopes of Ayasoluk Hill near the center of Selçuk, just below the fortress and about 3.5 km (2 miles) from Ephesus.

 

Ruins of the Basilica of St. John at sunset


There was a St. John identified wih Ephesus since as early as the 1st century, who seems to have originally been the author of Revelation who was exiled on Patmos. By the second century this John was equated with John the Evangelist, author of the Gospel of John (presumed also to be the same person as John the Apostle, beloved disciple of Jesus).
 

Model of how the Basilica of St. John once looked


Legend had it that John wrote his gospel in Ephesus at the request of other disciples, then died in the church named for him on Ayasoluk Hill. Later legends developed that he was not really dead, but sleeping, and dust could even be seen moving above his grave as he breathed.

 

Kuburan Rasul Johanes

 

St. John's grave was marked by a memorial and enclosed by a church of modest proportions in the 4th century. In the 6th century, Emperor Justinian (527-565 AD) believed that a tomb dating from the 300s was John's, so he built a magnificient church on the site in the 500s dedicated to the saint.
The traditional tomb of St. John, located under the main central dome, elevated the site to one of the most sacred sites in the Middle Ages and thousands made pilgrimage here.
But with the decline in importance of Ephesus and after Arab raids, the basilica fell into ruins until the Seljuk Aydinoglu clan converted it into a mosque in 1330. The building was then completely destroyed in 1402 by Tamerlane's Mongol army.

 

Location: Follow signs from Atatürk Cad.; the ruins are visible from the main road
Hours: Tues-Sun 8:30am-4:30pm; closes later in summer
Time: 30 minutes
Cost: $2.50

 

 

Saint Mark's Basilica - Venice (tomb of St. Mark)

 

St Mark's Basilica (Basilica di San Marco in Italian) is the most famous of the many churches of Venice and one of the best examples of Byzantine architecture in the world. Located just off the Grand Canal, the gleaming basilica dominates Piazza San Marco (St. Mark's Square) and adjoins the Doge's Palace. San Marco is a cathedral: it has been the seat of the Archbishop of Venice since 1807.

 

A closer view of St. Mark's Basilica from the middle of St. Mark's Square. Unless you come here early in the morning or late in the evening, you will share the piazza with many tourists and even more pigeons.


The first St. Mark's church in Venice was a temporary building in the Doge’s Palace, constructed in 828, when Venetian merchants stole the supposed relics of Saint Mark the Evangelist from its original resting place in Alexandria, Egypt.

 

Tampak interior dengan mosaik-mosaik emas

 

The basilica was consecrated in 1094, the same year the body of Saint Mark was supposedly rediscovered in a pillar by Vitale Falier, doge of Venice at the time. The crypt then housed the relics until 1811. The building also incorporates a low tower, believed by some to have been part of the original Doge's Palace.

 

The Pala D'Oro altarpiece

 

St. Mark's Basilica is designed on a Greek cross floorplan and modeled after Constantine's Church of the Holy Apostles (now destroyed) and the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul. Each arm of the Greek cross has a central nave with side aisle; a narthex in the west end provides the flat surface for the grand facade.

 

Address: San Marco, Piazza San Marco
Vaporetto: San Marco
Hours: Basilica, Tesoro, and Pala d'Oro: summer Mon-Sat 9:45am-5pm; Sun 2-5pm (winter hours may be shorter). Museo Marciano: summer daily 9:45am-5pm (winter hours may be shorter)
Cost: Basilica, free admission; Museo Marciano (St. Mark's Museum, also called La Galleria, includes Loggia dei Cavalli), 1.50€; Tesoro (Treasury), 2€

 

 

Umayyad Mosque - Damascus (tomb of St. John the Baptist)

 

The Grand Mosque of Damascus, known more commonly as the Umayyad Mosque, is one of the largest, oldest and holiest mosques in the world.
The tomb of Saladin stands in a small garden adjoining the north wall of the mosque. In addition, the mosque holds a shrine which is said to contain the head of John the Baptist, who is honored as a prophet by both Christians and Muslims.

 

Di dalam masjid Umayyad di Damascus, Syria


Damascus is believed to be the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world and the Umayyad Mosque stands on a site that has been considered sacred ground for at least 3,000 years!

The Umayyad Mosque is still one of the most impressive in the Islamic world, with a grand courtyard and spacious prayer hall. Some of the original mosaics still remain: on the north outer face of the transept, under the gable; on the arcades and back of the west portico; and on the arches of the vestibule.
The minarets date from the time of al-Walid with some reconstruction around 1340 and 1488. The minaret in the southeastern corner is called the Minaret of Jesus, because of a Muslim tradition that says this is where Jesus will appear on the Day of Judgement.

 

Tempat suci Johanes Pembaptis, Unesco World Heritage Site, Damascus, Syria


Sheltered inside the mosque is the small chapel and shrine of John the Baptist (Prophet Yahia to the Muslims) where tradition holds that the head of John is buried. One legend says that when the church was demolished, his head was found underneath, complete with skin and hair. This head is believed by some to possess magical powers and continues to be the focus of the Mandaeans' annual pilgrimage, when they press their foreheads against the metal grill of the shrine and reportedly experience prophetic visions.

Adjacent to the prayer hall, along the eastern wall of the courtyard, is the entrance to a finely tiled shrine chamber. According to different traditions this shrine holds the head of Zechariah, the father of St. John the Baptist or the head of Hussein, the son of Imam Ali (the son-in-law of Muhammad and the forth of the ‘Rightly Guided Caliphs’).
 

Umat Muslim di kuburan Johanes Pembaptis

 

Muslims worship at the tomb of John the Baptist in Damascus (Syria) - a reminder that Islam reveres Jesus, Mary, and prophets of the Old and New Testaments. In Syria the faiths have mingled since the seventh century, when Arab Muslims conquered lands of the Christian Byzantine Empire. Some church fathers even mistook early Islam for a form of Christianity.

 

 

 

GO YE INTO ALL THE WORLD, AND PREACH THE GOSPEL TO EVERY CREATURE

 

    

 

 

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